When Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York State signed the “BSN in 10” legislation into law in December of 2017, a legislative sea change for the nursing profession was initiated. How will this new law impact the nursing profession, nurses’ careers, and the healthcare system writ large?
On January 2, 2018, I published a blog post exploring the potential wide-ranging ramifications of this crucial piece of legislation. Here are some excerpts from that blog post:
As most of us are already aware, the Institute of Medicine’s Future of Nursing Report called for 80% of nurses to be Bachelor’s-prepared by 2020. Multiple studies have demonstrated that infection rates and patient mortality decrease when the percentage of Bachelors-prepared nurses on any given unit is increased. While many argue that these findings are less than conclusive, they are used as an ongoing argument for an exponential increase in the number of BSN nurses being educated, sought after, and hired. In fact, for better or worse, many Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals no longer hire nurses with associate degrees.
In light of the IOM’s ongoing partnerships with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the AARP, as well as the full backing of the American Nurses Association for such initiatives, it was inevitable that one state would lead the way sooner than later in terms of mandating the BSN.
Many of us are unaware of the fact that the ANA recommended a BSN as the entry-level degree for nurses back in 1964. The ongoing conversation has been decades long, and we can now see that the controversy is alive and well in 2018.
In terms of the details of the legislation, I’ve so far been able to glean the following:
1) A NY State commission has been formed to assess existing barriers to a baccalaureate education currently being experienced by those desiring entry into the nursing profession, as well as licensed nurses wishing to further their education. The commission has 12 months to submit its findings to the Governor.
2) RNs with up-to-date NY State licenses (including those living outside the state and not currently practicing), as well as those students enrolled in ADN nursing programs (or currently on waiting lists for nursing school), shall be grandfathered in without having to meet the BSN in 10 requirement.
3) With the exception of those already in school or those currently awaiting acceptance to a program, all nurses earning an associate’s degree anywhere in the country who wish to work in NY State must earn a BSN within 10 years of their initial nursing licensure date in their original state of domicile.
4) If a nurse does not earn his or her BSN within the required 10-year period, their license will apparently be put on hold until they do so. Nurses can also apply for an extension for personal circumstances beyond their control.
The reverberations of the NY State legislation will need to be measured in years, not weeks or months. Nurses and organizations within New York’s borders will be the first to feel the impact, and only time will tell how what effects this will have on nursing shortages, nursing school application and admission rates, and other challenges within The Empire State.
Outside of New York, we can assume that state legislatures and governors around the country have watched the NY State decision closely, and other states will certainly be moving to enact their own educational requirements for nurses. We can’t predict the level of resistance or support that will be faced in other states, but one can imagine that the divisions within the nursing and education fields will be as intense as they were in New York.
For nurses with ADNs, I’ve opined for several years that the number of available jobs will be slowly decreasing over time as the BSN becomes the de facto entry level degree for nursing practice. Even without legislation, we know that many hospitals have already chosen to favor BSNs, no matter how up in arms nurses may feel about that fact.
On my Facebook page, nurses have openly discussed the hostility visited upon BSNs by ADNs and LPNs; the need to differentiate between Basic Technical Nurses (BTNs) and those with more education; as well as some opinions that, in the face of a looming nursing shortage, New York may eventually revoke such “ivory tower” legislation divorced from the overwhelming reality of healthcare in the 21st century.
I personally have mixed feelings about the government legislating educational requirements for anyone, but I also appreciate the data that shows the presence of BSN-prepared nurses leading to decreased morbidity and mortality. In terms of my ongoing advice to those wishing to enter our noble profession, I’ll continue to advocate for my clients to seek a BSN in light of the larger breadth of opportunities available for those nurses with a bachelor’s degree.
This conversation is not over by any means, and smart nurses all over the country will no doubt have a great deal to say on both sides of this timely debate.
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Keith Carlson is a holistic career coach for nurses, award-winning nurse blogger, writer, podcaster, speaker, author, and popular career columnist. With two decades of nursing experience, Keith deeply understands the issues faced by 21st-century nurses.
Keith’s two podcasts, RNFM Radio and The Nurse Keith Show, offer inspiration and practical support to nurses seeking to create meaningful, satisfying lives and careers. Keith’s message of savvy career management and professional satisfaction reaches tens of thousands of nurses worldwide. Keith can be found on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram—as well as at NurseKeith.com.